Can a diabetic woman become pregnant
Worried about the coronavirus? Here's what you should know. Read more. Pregnancy is often a time of great highs and lows. It can be awesome and thrilling—when you hear the baby's heartbeat or feel the first tiny kick. If you have diabetes, it can also be frustrating and even scary.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Diabetes and Pregnancy (Q&A)
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: High Risk Pregnancy: DiabetesContent:
- Preexisting diabetes
- Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?
- We value your feedback
- Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
- Diabetes and getting pregnant
- Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes
- Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy
- I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?
- Does diabetes affect fertility?
Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge.
Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive.
This is because there are potential risks to you and your baby if your blood glucose levels are high. Other potential risks include low blood glucose in your baby at birth, a large baby, and a baby born with difficulty breathing or yellowing of the skin jaundice. There are also risks to you as a mother being pregnant and having diabetes like worsening of your diabetes-related eye or kidney conditions, and a greater risk for having infections, like urinary tract infections, Another concern for pregnant women with diabetes is preeclampsia , a dangerous medical condition that causes high blood pressure and swelling.
First, talk to your health care provider about your desire to have a baby. Discuss diet, exercise, blood sugar goals, and any medications you are currently taking. Some medications may not be safe during pregnancy or may require dosage adjustment. In addition, you may also be referred to other diabetes or high-risk pregnancy specialists, such as a perinatologist or an endocrinologist. When talking to your doctor, ask about a daily multivitamin with folic acid— micrograms is a typically recommended amount, but you should find out if this is sufficient for you.
In addition, it's important to educate yourself about diabetes and be prepared. It might be helpful to join a support group of women with diabetes who became pregnant. They may be able to share tips for managing tight blood sugar levels and other tidbits on nutrition and maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy.
Having diabetes, especially with out-of-control blood sugars, increases the risks of pregnancy. However, with good planning and blood sugar control , the risks can be lowered. Having diabetes and getting pregnant means that your pregnancy will be labeled high-risk.
This sounds scary, but basically, it means that your health care team knows to watch you closely. Talk to your doctor if you have existing diabetes-related complications or other health problems that may prevent or complicate pregnancy. In addition, if you are already pregnant, seek out prenatal care as soon as possible to help lower the risks for you and your baby.
Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Risks of Being Pregnant and Diabetic. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.
Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. American Diabetes Association. Before Pregnancy. Kitzmiller, MD, MS, et al. Diabetes Care, 31 5 March of Dimes.
Diabetes: Should I Get Pregnant?
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team.
Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin.
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If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. If you can, visit your doctor or diabetes educator at least 6 months before you start trying to fall pregnant. You will be given advice and guidance on controlling your blood sugars as tightly as possible, and taking necessary supplements like folate. You may also be advised to change medications. If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes.
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.
Diabetes and getting pregnant
Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications.
Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive. This is because there are potential risks to you and your baby if your blood glucose levels are high.
Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes
Log in Sign up. Before you begin Get ready for pregnancy Food, weight and fertility. Community groups. Home Getting pregnant Before you begin Existing health problems. Morag Martindale GP and expert in baby and women's health. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes there are steps you can take to prepare yourself for pregnancy. You will need to be very careful to monitor your blood sugar glucose levels, though. Sometimes these complications can result in a baby being born with a life-long condition , although this is rare.
Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born. What it does mean is that you will probably have to work closely with your doctor and other healthcare professionals to ensure you manage your diabetes well during your pregnancy.
Preexisting Diabetes and Planning Pregnancy
There was a time when women who had diabetes were strongly advised to avoid getting pregnant. Attempting to produce a biologically-related family was just too dangerous [source: Brucker ]. Fortunately, diabetic women are no longer given that heartbreaking direction from caregivers.
I have diabetes. What should I know before I get pregnant?
Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems.
Does diabetes affect fertility?